Stem Cell Therapy


 

Stem cell therapies have had positive regenerative effects on serious illnesses as well as chronic diseases, injuries, and cosmetic issues. 

Stem cell therapy has been in the news for decades now, but very few people have a clear grasp of how the field of stem cells has grown. 

New studies in regenerative medicine have shown that stem cell therapies have had positive regenerative effects on serious illnesses as well as chronic diseases, injuries, and cosmetic issues. 

Here, we’ll talk about the basics of stem cells, what kind of treatments stem cells are used for, and what kind of conditions stem cells have been used on with positive results. 

WHAT IS STEM CELL THERAPY?


To better explain what stem cell therapy is, let’s talk about what stem cells are. 

Stem cells are cells that exist throughout our bodies and serve the purpose of helping our bodies generate new cells. Each stem cell has the potential to develop into new cells, like muscle or nerve cells and brain cells. As such, these cells are especially important for helping us grow and heal. 

There are two primary categories of stem cells:

Embryonic stem cells are gathered from embryos that are donated for science. These cells can potentially transform into several different “specialized” cells (or, cells that perform a specific task in the body). Embryonic cells have the potential to be pluripotent (able to transform into any other cell in the body) or totipotent (transform into any cell in the body including placental and umbilical cells) 

  1. Adult stem cells are cells taken from an adult body, specifically from the part of the body from which they generate (so stem cells from the brain can form into certain brain cells, for example). Scientists discovered that they can harvest these adult stem cells and program them to develop into various kinds of other cells (like an embryonic stem cell).
  2. Following this, stem cell therapy is a procedure to graft or inject stem cell-rich material onto skin, joints, and other body parts to stimulate regeneration and growth.

WAIT… AREN’T STEM CELLS EXPERIMENTAL?

Stem cell treatments are still experimental, as scientists are still working with the specifics of how stem cells can transform into cells that can heal the body. 

However, there have been numerous success stories of stem cell therapies helping people recovering from strokes, managing diabetes, and suffering from debilitating spinal injuries. 

 

STEM CELLS AND REGENERATIVE TREATMENT

How do stem cells help people with these types of injuries or illnesses?

Many of these conditions and associated conditions are a result of problems in the body that need either repair or complete regeneration. In many instances, the body is unable to properly repair the injury or address damage from an illness due to its severity. 

For example, a spinal injury might include damage to nervous system tissue that inhibits communication between the brain and the rest of the body. In turn, stimulating this growth through stem cells might encourage further growth from cells already in the body, leading to rapid healing. 

Stem cell therapy proposes that by growing stem cells that can turn into other cells, you can actually grow the cells present in the spinal column (just as an example) to stimulate regrowth of nervous tissue at the site of the physical trauma. 

WHAT KINDS OF STEM CELL TREATMENTS EXIST?

Since stem cell therapy is focused on healing and regeneration, it stands to reason that the ailments best addressed by these therapies focus on diseases that break the body down. 

Osteoarthritis. This degenerative disease of the joints comes directly from the loss of the protective cartilage between joints. Cartilage itself doesn’t regrow or regenerate, but with stem cells that can become cartilage cells, treatments can stimulate cartilage growth in joints. Stem cell therapy for knees, wrists, and elbows can help heal cartilage and reduce inflammation.

  • Autoimmune Disease. These chronic, and often overlooked, diseases affect the body’s ability to protect itself from the disease. More specifically, autoimmune diseases like Rheumatoid arthritis, Graves disease, or Lupus, all describe conditions where the immune system attacks the cells or organs of the body rather than disease in bacteria. For example, Rheumatoid arthritis is a condition where the autoimmune system attacks the cells in the joints, causing extreme pain. 
  • Stem cells can help those afflicted by these diseases by stimulating regeneration of the cells under attack, while also modulating the immune system so it does not attack the body. 
  • Diabetes. Stem cells can help the pancreas and liver regulate insulin, with several trials underway to demonstrate effectiveness in both Type I and Type II diabetes.
  • Hair Regrowth. While not quite as debilitating as the above-mentioned conditions, hair loss is something that many individuals would like to have treated. Trials in Italy have shown that stem cells can stimulate hair regrowth in dead follicles
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Stem cell therapy for COPD (Las Vegas or otherwise) has generated significant interest in the medical community, with several trials underway testing the regenerative effects of stem cells in COPD patients. 

STEM CELLS AND REGENERATIVE TREATMENT


How do stem cells help people with these types of injuries or illnesses?

Many of these conditions and associated conditions are a result of problems in the body that need either repair or complete regeneration. In many instances, the body is unable to properly repair the injury or address damage from an illness due to its severity. 

For example, a spinal injury might include damage to nervous system tissue that inhibits communication between the brain and the rest of the body. In turn, stimulating this growth through stem cells might encourage further growth from cells already in the body, leading to rapid healing. 

Stem cell therapy proposes that by growing stem cells that can turn into other cells, you can actually grow the cells present in the spinal column (just as an example) to stimulate regrowth of nervous tissue at the site of the physical trauma. 

 

 

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